Ancestor Falls off Radar? Look at the Map for Clues.

April 30, 2012 at 1:45 am | Posted in Genealogy Research Strategies | Leave a comment
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Jonathan Rhoades Migration from Lynn MA (A) to Southbridge MA (B)

Jonathan Rhoades Migration from Lynn MA (A) to Southbridge MA (B)

By now you’re well acquainted with the near infamous Jonathan Rhoades.  And while the story is quite rich, there are still questions to be answered.  Among them is what happened to him between 1843 and 1852?

Jonathan’s first wife, Lucinda Parrot(t) dies at the age of 28 from consumption in 1843.  Yes, Jonathan married Lucinda first, then Mary E. Allen, THEN Louise Bolster (Bullard Rhoades Watson.)  Jonathan and Lucinda were only married two years.  Lucinda came from a seemingly very distinguished family.  Her father was a Revolutionary War Patriot.  Given Jonathan’s proclivity to military service, I can imagine him quite at home with the Parrott family, and looking forward to a long and happy life with Lucinda.  But such was not the case.

After this very unhappy turn of events, Jonathan only next turns up on radar in 1852, when he marries Mary E. Allen in Southbridge, Worcester, MA.  I can reason, that Jonathan shys away from the family life for awhile (okay, 9 years?), but the question remains what happened to him during those intervening years?

1850 Census

I have been frustrated that I could not find Jonathan anywhere in the 1850 Census.  I looked high and low in Lynn, MA, where he is from and married Lucinda.  I looked high and low in Southbridge, MA where he married Mary and remained until he retired and returned to Lynn, MA.  Nothing.  He was certainly old enough in 1850 at age 33 to make the 1850 Census as a head of household.  So, where was he?

The Hint Found in a Map

All along I had assumed that Lynn, MA and Southbridge, MA were very near each other.  I had assumed – even in light of seeing that they were in different counties – that Johnathan hadn’t moved far away between marriages.  That was until I Googled the cities, and had Google give me the travel route and mileage between the two. (see above)  Lightbulb!  After the death of Lucinda, Jonathan traveled75 miles to Southbridge, MA.  For us that’s a mere hour-and-a-half morning drive.  For Jonathan, that’s a world and a lifetime away – or in horseback time it must have been at least a couple days ride.

Now, the possible reason why he isn’t found inthe 1850 US Census becomes clearer.  He was in route.  As my “new friend” Marsha Hoffman Rising, says sometimes migrants aren’t counted in the Census because they tell the census worker that they are “just passing through” or the census worked chooses not to count them because they aren’t settled “there.”  Further, censuses are enumerated in the summer, a prime travel time for someone like a single man not concerned with moving a family or livestock.

Had I not looked at the map, I’d never realized that geography played such a role in Jonathan’s life.

Next Question

Now, the question becomes, why Southbridge?  Why did he choose of all places to migrate Southbridge, MA?  Did he know someone there – friends, family, former neighbors?  Did he migrate with friends, family or neighbors who were already going there?  Although, I’ve looked into these possibilities I have yet to find the “lightbulb” moment, but I’ll let you know when I do find the answer.

Until then happy researching.


Mysteries, Scandals, and an Ancestor’s True Identity Revealed

April 23, 2012 at 8:48 am | Posted in Genealogy Research Strategies, My Family History Stories | 2 Comments
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Jonathan Rhoades - images from
Jonathan Rhoades
images from

I honestly never gave a second thought to researching Jonathan Rhoades, even though I tell genealogists all the time to look beyond the blood line at friends, neighbors, and associates.  You may recall Jonathan Rhoades was Louise’s second husband, who abandoned her, from a recent blog post – A Civil War Wife’s Story Told Through Genealogy Records.   He was a mere supporting character in the drama of my ancestors, George and Louise Watson, so why bother looking into his story.   Then a kind and loyal reader of this blog asked, did Louise ever get a divorce from Jonathan?  Of course, I couldn’t let that lie.  And I’m so grateful for the question, because in pursuing an answer a story rich in mystery, scandal, and family legends revealed came to life.

Who Was Jonathan Rhoades?

Jonathan Rhoades (b. 1817 Lynn, Essex, MA) was a shoemaker by trade his entire life.  He must have been either very good or very proud of his profession because every document I touched called him out as a shoemaker.  Which I must say, was a godsend in helping track him over time.  Again, it is those extraneous facts we sometimes overlook that are the keys to genealogy success.

Jonathan at the ripe (old) age of 35 married Mary E. Allen (b. 1826, Albany, NY) in Southbridge, MA on January 27th 1852.  They settled in to a conventional life by all indications, raising three children, Albert (b. 1848), William (b. 1853) and George (b 1854).  You may notice Albert’s birth pre-dates the marriage.  That could mean either this is the reality as is (birth before marriage), there was a transcription error somewhere, or another marriage.  We just don’t know.

What we do know that is that tragedy befell the family in 1859.  Mary died of “fever” at the young age of 33.  Jonathan is now 42-years old, single with three dependent children.  As is common for the time, single men did not raise children alone.  Either they married seemingly quickly a suspiciously young bride or they found alternative arrangements for the children.  The later is the case with Jonathan.  William and George are raised in the home of Joseph U. Royce (age 69 in 1860) and Mary Williams Royce (age 64 in 1860) in Wales, Hampden, MA.  Seemingly, as they are no longer able to care for them they are cared for by close neighbors and maybe relatives George and Mary Boynton.

By 1860 (US Census for MA), Jonathan is living as a single man, shoemaker by trade, in Mrs. Kendall’s Boarding House in Worcester, MA.  In the boarding house were 15-20 adult men of varying ages all tradesmen by profession – tinmen, painters, polishers, carriage painters, blacksmiths and wire drawers.  It’s not hard to imagine a rough and tumble, very manly lifestyle Jonathan experienced at this stage of his life.  Sad, too, he’s lost his wife … and children.

Mrs Kendalls Boarding House where Jonathan Rhoades Lived
Mrs Kendalls Boarding House where Jonathan Rhoades Lived

Jonathan Rhoades and the War

The country had been at war from April of 1861 and by the time Jonathan had enlisted in the late summer/early fall of 1862, Lincoln was calling for another 300,000 troops and the cities and towns were offering a bonus for enlisting to get recruits.  As a Private, his occupation at the time of his enlistment, was a bootmaker.  For more on this regiment visit the 51st Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry Site.  Know that at this time in our American history we were an all-volunteer army and  Jonathan enlisted as a volunteer as most men did at the time.  Indeed, the draft did not come into play until 1863, at which time Jonathan officially registered for the draft – occupation: shoemaker.

Jonathan and Louise

While Jonathan is married and having children in the early 1850s,  Louise had married Francis Bullard, and they had two children –  Elvira Josephine and Walter Henry.  Additionally, by 1862, Francis, like Jonathan, had enlisted in the Massachusetts militia.  However, unlike Jonathan, his fortunes were short-lived, dying in battle in September 1862.

With the fall of 1862 upon them Louise and Jonathan were both widow and widower having had children and each a family.  I can see where when their paths crossed they found common cause.  By November 1862 – only two months after Francis died – they wed.

New records recently discovered force changes to my original narrative of their lives.  According to the 1865 Massachusetts Census for Worcester, MA, Jonathan and Louise are still the tight little family in 1865! (I had thought they were separated by 1865.)  Jonathan’s children are not in the household, but Louise’s children from her marriage with Francis (Elvira and Walter) are with the family.  Realize, too, that Louise had set up a guardianship for Elvira and Walter with Allen Price two years earlier.  Nonetheless, she retained custody – at least until May 1st, 1865, when the census was taken.

Jonathan and Louisa Rhoades - 1865 MA Census
Jonathan and Louisa Rhoades – 1865 MA Census

Just to recap –

  • Jonathan and Louise are still together in 1865
  • Jonathan gives away his children from his first marriage – at least they are not with him.
  • Louise legally gives up custody of her children from her first marriage.
  • Jonathan and Louise keep Louise’s children from her marriage with Francis Bullard.

Then we have Francis.  Little Francis Rhoades joins the family in September of 1864 to be recorded as eight months old in the 1865 MA Census.  The family was growing. Life was looking up and settled.

Louise and George

But wait! You might exclaim, if you recall I previously had George and Louise wed in 1863.  How could they possibly be married if Jonathan and Louise are married in 1865?  Very easily.  I made a mistake.

George, upon further investigation, did return from battle and stayed at home with his parents, Samuel and Olive Watson at least through 1865 to be identified in that same census. Further, it seems George and Louise were married in 1867, not 1863.  There it was clear as day on the marriage register.  Ooops.

I also noticed in revisiting the marriage register was who exactly George married.  George married a “Maria J. Bullard” from Clayton, Michigan.  Both listed the event as their first marriage.  But look at the name of the bride –  Maria (Louise’s middle name) and Bullard (from her first marriage).  Additionally, I know she’s given her name in pension records as “Louise M J Bullard.”  I’m certain she is Louise.  I’m also certain this is the right George H. Watson, because the parent names (Samuel B. and Olive) are exactly correct in the register, and they aren’t the common Mary and John-type names to be easily confused.

Marriage Register for George H Watson and Maria J Bullard
Marriage Register for George H Watson and Maria J Bullard

It’s clear to me that Louise married to George under an assumed name.  She never divorced Jonathan, as we might infer from her statement “he (Jonathan) abandoned me” in the pension records. She seemingly didn’t want it exposed that she was marrying illegally.  Why she picked place of residence as Clayton, Michigan, I don’t know.  Maybe she felt it couldn’t be disputed or she identified easily with a distant location.  Louise, you sneaky girl.In November of 1867, Louise and George form a family, and by 1870 they are inDes Moines, Iowa on their way to Kansas to start a new life.

What About the Children? 

What became of Elvira Josephine and Walter Henry and Francis Rhoades?  Before I answer that, I do want to confirm that Jonathan did go his own way.  By 1870 he was living with a family, who must have offered a small boarding house connected to the home.  There were a handful of adult men – railroaders mostly – living there with Jonathan, the shoemaker.  He remained inWorcester Countythe rest of his life dying at the age of 82 and was buried in the Lynn Cemetery with a GAR (Grand Army of the Republic) headstone.

As for Elvira and Walter, they were, as mentioned in the first blog post, given to Allen Price.  But we now know it was sometime between May of 1865 and November of 1867.

And Francis? 

It is my belief, for reasons I’ll explain, that Francis Rhoades stayed with George and Louise and became the man we know as Frank Watson.

  • There has always been a family legend that Frank Watson was adopted.  This would support that case.
  • In spite of exemplary vital records kept in Massachusetts, I’ve never found a birth record for Frank Watson.  If what I’m saying is true, “Frank Watson” was never “born.”
  • Frank Watson in every record throughout his life maintains he was born in 1864.  George and Louise didn’t get married until 1867.  Indeed, Louise was married to Jonathan until 1865.  They couldn’t have been Frank’s biological parents.
  • Francis Rhoades was born in September 1864 – exactly the time presumed to be Frank Watson’s birth.

Therefore, it is my contention that Frank Watson’s biological father is Jonathan Rhoades.

In Conclusion… 

What a heart-stopping journey this has been.  Abandonment.  Illicit marriage.  Assumed names.  Changes of identity.  A mystery writer couldn’t have concocted this with any measure of believability.  But it is true, or so the records would have us believe.  Speaking of records, I don’t source my stories in detail in the blog.  However, if you would like the detailed timeline with sources – all 26 of them – I’d be happy to share.

And in the meantime, happy researching.

My New Favorite Genealogy “How To” Book

April 21, 2012 at 12:47 am | Posted in Genealogy Reference Books | 3 Comments
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The Family Tree Problem Solver by Marsha Hoffman Rising

The Family Tree Problem Solver by Marsha Hoffman Rising

I have, on occasion, heard the name, Marsha Hoffman Rising, in the context of preeminent genealogists.  But I knew nothing of her work, writings, or professional vitae until I stumbled on this book.  Then, I knew what all of the buzz was about.The Family Tree Problem Solver (Family Tree Books) by Marsha Hoffman Rising is my new genealogy, best friend-type book.  We go everywhere together.  We talk about all of my genealogy problems.  The book, subtitled “tried and true tactics for tracing elusive ancestors,” is an advanced methodology cookbook with techniques and examples for tackling all of the most common “brick walls” we encounter in genealogy.

Before you say “ooh, too complicated” and turn away, hear me out.  Let me give you a couple reasons why this is a must check-out and a great Dear Santa List book, then you decide if it merits your time . Continue Reading My New Favorite Genealogy “How To” Book…

Vincent & Maria Smarsh

April 19, 2012 at 12:32 am | Posted in My Family History Stories | Leave a comment
Vincent and Maria Seizburg Smarsh

Vincent and Maria Seizburg Smarsh

If you’ve read the last post about “Uncovering the Reasons for an Ancestor’s Migrations,” then you are well acquainted with Vincent and Maria Seizburg Smarsh. I thought it only appropriate that you see them “in person.” This picture is from Harvesters of the Prairie – the 100 Year Centennial commorative book of St. Marks, KS.

Uncovering the Reasons for a Ancestor’s Migrations

April 17, 2012 at 1:47 am | Posted in Genealogy Research Strategies, My Family History Stories | 1 Comment
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Vincent Smarsh 1860 US Census for PA

Vincent Smarsh 1860 US Census for PA

I’ve diligently worked to understand the life of my maternal gggrandfather, Vincent Smarsh (b. 1804 Austria, d 1882 Kansas) – copiously gathering records for years.   From my records the story of an immigrant’s migration was clear.  Leaving Austria he and his young family arrived in Pennsylvania then migrated to Kansas through Tennessee in the years between 1854 and 1872 all within the backdrop of the historic transformation of America during the Civil War. Continue Reading Uncovering the Reasons for a Ancestor’s Migrations…

A Civil War Wife’s Story Told Through Genealogy Records

April 4, 2012 at 1:32 am | Posted in My Family History Stories | 7 Comments
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Mother Bickerdyke Memoria Cemetery - Louise Watson

Mother Bickerdyke Memoria Cemetery - Louise Watson

Louise Bolster (b. 1836, MA, d. after 1910 KS) is my gggrandmother and wife of the only Civil War Veteran in my family tree.  In gathering the records for her husband, George Watson, her life started to unfold.  And quite unexpectedly it became more interesting, had more twists and turns, had more intrigue than arguably her husband’s story – and he fought at Gettysburg!  To me, it demonstrated a unique spirit and resilience in the face of war that heretofore, I had not thought twice about being present among the spouses of soldiers.Here’s Louise’s story.  You can judge for yourself what kind of woman she was.

Louise as Young Bride and Mother

Louise was born in 1836 in Barre, Worcester, Massachusetts .  This hamlet of a town with a population of fewer than 3,000 in 1860 is located in rural central Massachusetts.

At the tender age of 16, Louise married Francis Bullard, a carpenter, in 1852.  She married him on the Fourth of July.  It’s hard to imagine that the date was chosen serendipitously.

The couple settled down and began to raise a small family.  Elvira Josephine, born August 9, 1855 and Walter Henry, born June 14, 1858, join the family.  This family would go about their lives in complete anonymity, were it not for the War which changes everything. Continue Reading A Civil War Wife’s Story Told Through Genealogy Records…

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